My Page Feast of Unleavened Bread 

 

 

Consider “leavened bread”, which is soft, fluffy, tender and aromatic.  What makes the loaf of bread so soft and puffed up?  These characteristics are the result of the leavening that was added before cooking.  The leavening causes the lump of dough to “rise” or puff up.   

 

Here is the definition of leaven:

leav·en  
n.

1.      An agent, such as yeast, that causes batter or dough to rise, especially by fermentation.

2.      An element, influence, or agent that works subtly to lighten, enliven, or modify a whole.


tr.v. leav·ened, leav·en·ing, leav·ens

1.      To add a rising agent to.

2.      To cause to rise, especially by fermentation.

3.      To pervade with a lightening, enlivening, or modifying influence.

 

When added to dough, a small amount of leavening will multiply and grow fast causing the dough to expand.  While kneading and mixing the dough, the leavening permeates, enters every part of the dough and affects the entire lump.

 

In 87 of 88 verses in God’s word, leavening is a symbol of sin. [Only one time does leaven represent something “good” Matthew 13:33.]

 

Leavening

Sin

Leavening permeates the entire lump.

Sin affects and permeates the entire body [flesh or church].

Leavening causes the lump to get puffed up.

Sin [pride] causes man to get puffed up.

Leavening is buried or hidden in the lump.

Satan’s deceptions are designed to hide: greed, pride, control, and worldly desires.

Matthew 16:5 Now when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. 6 Then Jesus said to them, “Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.” 7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we have taken no bread.” 8 But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, “O you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because you have brought no bread?[c] 9 Do you not yet understand, or remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets you took up? 10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took up? 11 How is it you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread?—but to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees. [NKJV]

Luke 12:1 In the meantime, when an innumerable multitude of people had gathered together, so that they trampled one another, He began to say to His disciples first of all, “Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. [NKJV]

Galatians 5:7 You ran well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth? 8 This persuasion does not come from Him who calls you. 9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump. 10 I have confidence in you, in the Lord, that you will have no other mind; but he who troubles you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is.

1 Corinthians 5:6Your boasting is not good. Don't you know that a little yeast works through the whole batch of dough? 7Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

 


Removal of the Leavening

Prior to the feast of Unleavened Bread generally completed on or before Passover (Day of Preparation), the household was to be cleaned and all chametz (Hebrew for leavening) removed.  This includes “bread crumbs” and other leavening that you can not see.  For one week, no leavening is allowed in the house and unleavened bread must be eaten each day.

 

Spiritually, this search is symbolic of our passion to “search high and low” to clean our lives and remove all sin.

 

Here is an excerpt from Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover] regarding the traditional method of cleaning a house for Unleavened Bread:

 

Removal and sale of chametz

In accordance with the mitzvah of not eating or owning leavened products during Passover, religious Jewish families typically spend the weeks before the holiday in a flurry of housecleaning. The purpose is to remove every morsel of fermented grain products (called chametz) from all the cupboards and corners in the home. The search for chametz is often a thorough one, as children's rooms and kitchens are cleaned from top to bottom and forgotten packages or pieces of cookies or crackers are uncovered under beds and inside closets. Although many ensure that not even a crumb of chametz remains, the Halakha only requires the elimination of olive-sized quantities of leavening from one's possession.

Formal search for chametz

After dark on the 14th of Nisan, a formal search for leavened products (bedikat chametz) is conducted. The head of the house recites a blessing (על ביעור חמץ - al biyur chametz, "on the removal of chametz") and proceeds to go from room to room and cupboard to cupboard to make sure that no crumbs remain in any corner. There is a custom to turn off the lights in the room being searched and conduct the search using candlelight, a feather and a wooden spoon. Candlelight effectively illuminates corners without casting shadows; the feather can dust crumbs out of their hiding places; and the wooden spoon which collects the crumbs can be burned the next day with the chametz.

 

Traditionally, 10 morsels of bread are carefully wrapped in aluminum foil or plastic and "hidden" around the house before the search begins. This ensures that the head of the house will find some chametz so that his blessing will not be in vain.

 

Burning the chametz

In the morning, any leavened products that were found during the search, along with the 10 morsels of bread, are burned (s'rayfat chametz). The head of the household declares any chametz that may not have been found to be null and void "as the dust of the earth" (biyur chametz). Should more chametz actually be found in the house during the Passover holiday, it must be burnt.

 

Removal of the Sin Nature

During the process of cleaning the house, looking for crumbs, one should consider the “searching of the soul” for hidden sins.  We should look for sins that are in our day-to-day lives. But we do not know they are they until we “look”!  We need self-reflection, meditation, study of God’s Word, and quiet time to “see” our sins.

 

The search for the physical bread crumbs, gives us insight and symbolism into that which we can not see: our heart (the deepest part of our mind).  A time of contemplation and review of the heart lets one see the hidden sin.  Once it is found, it must be removed!

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Ephesians 2:5Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) [KJV]

Romans 6:1What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? 2By no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? 3Or don't you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.

Isaiah 59:2 But your iniquities have separated you from your God; your sins have hidden his face from you, so that he will not hear.

Isaiah 64:6 All of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags; we all shrivel up like a leaf, and like the wind our sins sweep us away.

 


 

Important Events During Unleavened Bread

Upon a close examination of the bible, you will find several references to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Passover.  You will notice some amazing parallels!

 

Feast of ULB Event

Verse

The Israelites were set free from Egyptian bondage after 430 years on Passover.

Exodus 12:40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt [ b] was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day [Passover], all the LORD's divisions left Egypt.

Joshua enters the promised land after 40 years and eats the produce of the land on the 1st day of ULB.

 

No more manna.

Joshua 5:9 Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Today I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you." So the place has been called Gilgal [b] to this day. 10 On the evening of the fourteenth day of the month, while camped at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho, the Israelites celebrated the Passover. 11 The day after the Passover, that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land: unleavened bread and roasted grain. 12 The manna stopped the day after [c] they ate this food from the land; there was no longer any manna for the Israelites, but that year they ate of the produce of Canaan.

 

The walls of Jericho fall down during the feast of ULB.

Joshua 6:2 Then the LORD said to Joshua, "See, I have delivered Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. 3 March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days. 4 Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams' horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. 5 When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have all the people give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up, every man straight in."

 

Flavius Josephus Book V Chapter 1:5. Now while the Israelites did this, and the Canaanites did not attack them, but kept themselves quiet within their own walls, Joshua resolved to besiege them; so on the first day of the feast [of the passover], the priests carried the ark round about, with some part of the armed men to be a guard to it. These priests went forward, blowing with their seven trumpets; and exhorted the army to be of good courage, and went round about the city, with the senate following them; and when the priests had only blown with the trumpets, for they did nothing more at all, they returned to the camp. And when they had done this for six days, on the seventh Joshua gathered the armed men and all the people together, and told them these good tidings, That the city should now be taken, since God would on that day give it them, by the falling down of the walls, and this of their own accord, and without their labor. However, he charged them to kill every one they should take, and not to abstain from the slaughter of their enemies, either for weariness or for pity, and not to fall on the spoil, and be thereby diverted from pursuing their enemies as they ran away; but to destroy all the animals, and to take nothing for their own peculiar advantage. He commanded them also to bring together all the silver and gold, that it might be set apart as first-fruits unto God out of this glorious exploit, as having gotten them from the city they first took; only that they should save Rahab and her kindred alive, because of the oath which the spies had sworn to her.

 

Temple is cleansed by Hezekiah and the nation celebrates for two weeks rather than one!

1 Chronicles 29:16 The priests went into the sanctuary of the LORD to purify it. They brought out to the courtyard of the LORD's temple everything unclean that they found in the temple of the LORD. The Levites took it and carried it out to the Kidron Valley. 17 They began the consecration on the first day of the first month, and by the eighth day of the month they reached the portico of the LORD. For eight more days they consecrated the temple of the LORD itself, finishing on the sixteenth day of the first month.

 

1 Chronicles 29:21 The Israelites who were present in Jerusalem celebrated the Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days with great rejoicing, while the Levites and priests sang to the LORD every day, accompanied by the LORD's instruments of praise. [a] 22 Hezekiah spoke encouragingly to all the Levites, who showed good understanding of the service of the LORD. For the seven days they ate their assigned portion and offered fellowship offerings [b] and praised the LORD, the God of their fathers. 23 The whole assembly then agreed to celebrate the festival seven more days; so for another seven days they celebrated joyfully.

 

Jesus is resurrected!

See details below.

 


 

 Passover

Technically, the day of Passover (Nisan 14) is not part of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15-21).  The directions in Exodus 12 are very clear and the days are identified without question. However, you will see that the names of these days are used interchangeably.  Also, Passover is not a High Sabbath or Holy Day.  It was known as the “Day of Preparation” to prepare for the 1st holy day during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

 

The day of Passover requires the sacrifice of an unblemished, perfect lamb.  The blood of the lamb is painted over the door frame.  Likewise through the sacrifice of Christ our Holy and Perfect Lamb, His blood covers our sins.

Exodus 12:7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.

 

Christ in Passover

The symbolism of Christ in the Passover is replete with examples.  The number of parallels is far too many for this bible study and could fill several books.  However, we will examine just a few and then look at the life of Christ in His final and amazing week during the Feast here on this earth.  When we review this period of time, you will see the amazing parallels with Christ and the Passover Lamb.

 

This is not a coincidence the Christ was to be our sacrifice, but carefully planned by God before the creation and from the very foundations of the beginning of earth!

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, 5 having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, [NKJV]

1 Peter 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you [NKJV]

1 Peter 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. 20He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. [NIV]

Luke 2:41Every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover. 42When he was twelve years old, they went up to the Feast, according to the custom. 43After the Feast was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it. 44Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends. 45When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. 46After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, "Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you."  49"Why were you searching for me?" he asked. "Didn't you know I had to be in my Father's house?" 50But they did not understand what he was saying to them.

 


 

Unleavened Bread

The entire Feast of Unleavened Bread is also rich in meaning.  The early Israelites knew the “physical” process of preparing and sacrificing for the Feast.  However, as Christians, we can see the spiritual impact and understand more deeply the design of this Feast.  This imagery and symbols come alive when we study the last week of Christ and what He did for us.

 

Regarding the physical effort, leavening is to be removed from the home.  This means you need to look everywhere for “crumbs”, little pieces of bread that are hidden in the home!

Exodus 12:14 "This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD -a lasting ordinance. 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat—that is all you may do. 17"Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. 18 In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And whoever eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel, whether he is an alien or native-born. 20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread."

 


 

Firstfruits

Consider the Spring Feast and how it coincides with the first harvest. God commands in the very first of the harvest, the first fruits are offered to Him.  This is the meaning of the Feast of Firstfruit.  It is a presentation of the first grain harvest for the year.  The symbolism comes from the resurrection and presentation of Christ.  The Firstfruit offering had to have these characteristics:

 

·   Unblemished

·   Presented at the tabernacle

 

Christ fulfilled these requirements.  However, Christ presented Himself to the very throne of God and in His heavenly tabernacle!

 

Another interesting note is the Hebrew word to describe Firstfruit and its root word.  Was Christ the first born among many brethren?  Is this the meaning of “born again”?

 

Hebrew

Pronunciation

Meaning

Verse

bekhor [root of bikkurim]

first born

John 3:3In reply Jesus declared, "I tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom of God unless he is born again.[a]" 4"How can a man be born when he is old?" Nicodemus asked. "Surely he cannot enter a second time into his mother's womb to be born!" 5Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. 6Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit. 7You should not be surprised at my saying, 'You[c] must be born again.' 8The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit."

 

bikkurim

firstfruit

1 Corinthians 15:22For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. 23But each in his own turn: Christ, the firstfruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him. 24Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power.

 

However, like other events in the Old Testament, there are two ways to determine the Feast of Firstfruits.

 

1.      The day after the 1st Holy Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, this will always be Nisan 16.

2.      During the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the day after the weekly Sabbath, this will always be the first day of the week.

 


 

Day-by-Day

What makes Christ our “Passover”?  What did Jesus do to fulfill scriptures?  In order to see this, we will look at a day-by-day presentation.

 

Nisan 10 - Lamb Selection Day

As indicated, a specific lamb was chosen five days before the Passover.  Notice what happened with the lamb and with Christ five days before the Passover.

Exodus 12:2 "This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb [a] for his family, one for each household. 4 If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. 5 The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. 6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.

John 12:1Six days before the Passover, Jesus arrived at Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.

John 12:12The next day [five days before Passover] the great crowd that had come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. 13They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting, "Hosanna![c]" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!"[d] "Blessed is the King of Israel!"

Notice in the following verses they “knew” what this meant after Jesus died and was resurrected.  Many at the time, who were practicing, faithful Jewish families selected the Passover lamb year after year. But at the time Jesus came to town on Nisan 10, they were blind and did not see it or comprehend the significance of His arrival.  They were selecting their Passover Lamb, their Savior.   Hosanna means “save us!”

John 12:16At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that they had done these things to him.

 

Nisan 14 - Passover Start [4th Day of the week]

As the sun set on the evening of Nisan 13, the day changed to Nisan 14 and the Passover began.  At the start of this evening, Jesus met with his apostles and celebrated the last supper.

Christ instituted the symbols of His soon to be sacrifice for us:

Luke 22:7Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 8Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover."

Luke 22:13They left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover. 14When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table. 15And he said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God."

Luke 22:17After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, "Take this and divide it among you. 18For I tell you I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes." 19And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me." 20In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

The new covenant indicates “newness” and a replacement of the old.  The sacrifice of the lamb was no longer needed.  However, as Christians we are commanded to annually celebrate this event with bread and wine symbolizing Christ body and blood.

 

Thousands of people would come to Jerusalem to have their lambs ritually slain in the Temple. If they only had one day in which to prepare for the Passover, it would have been extremely difficult to have slaughtered all the lambs brought in to be sacrificed.

Therefore, they worked on two different time scales. The northern part of the country went with the old way of dating (starting from morning and going to the following morning). The southern part of the country followed the official dating method (from evening to evening). Thus, there were two times when lambs were being killed in the Temple for sacrifice.

 

Nisan 15 - Passover Crucifixion [4th Day of the week]

Mark 15:24And they crucified him. Dividing up his clothes, they cast lots to see what each would get. 25It was the third hour [9AM] when they crucified him.

Mark 15:32Let this Christ,[b] this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Those crucified with him also heaped insults on him. 33At the sixth hour [noon] darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.

 

Nisan 14 - Passover Seath [4th Day of the week]

After six hours on the cross, Jesus our Passover Lamb dies.

Mark 15:34And at the ninth hour [3 PM] Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"—which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

Mark 15:37With a loud cry, Jesus breathed his last.

Luke 23:44It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth [3 PM] hour,
45for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46Jesus called out with a loud voice, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." When he had said this, he breathed his last.

Tradition states that at the temple on Passover between 2:30-3:30 in the afternoon, the Passover lambs were sacrificed.  It is at this time that Christ died for us.

 

Tradition states that Israelites would name their Passover lamb and put a sign around its neck for the five day period prior to the sacrifice.  Christ had His sign placed above His head on the cross:

Matthew 27:37Above his head they placed the written charge against him: THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

 

The Temple Curtain

When Christ died, the curtain which separated the Holy of Holies tore in two pieces.  This is a major item that is rich in symbolism.  From Xenos.org  here is a description of the Temple Curtain: [http://www.xenos.org/teachings/topical/essentialjesus/gary/essential-15.htm]

The temple curtain was no ordinary curtain (60 feet long, 30 feet high, and about 4 inches thick; composed of 72 squares sewn together; so heavy that it required 300 men to lift it). For it to be torn suddenly from top to bottom (rather than gradually fraying from bottom to top) would indeed be a noteworthy event--especially for Jewish people.

Here is what happened physically and spiritually:

Mark 15:38The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 39And when the centurion, who stood there in front of Jesus, heard his cry and[d] saw how he died, he said, "Surely this man was the Son[e] of God!"

Hebrews 9:2A tabernacle was set up. In its first room were the lampstand, the table and the consecrated bread; this was called the Holy Place.
3Behind the second curtain was a room called the Most Holy Place, 4which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron's staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.

Hebrews 9:7But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.
8The Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing.

Hebrews 9:11-13But when the Messiah arrived, high priest of the superior things of this new covenant, he bypassed the old tent and its trappings in this created world and went straight into heaven's "tent"—the true Holy Place—once and for all. He also bypassed the sacrifices consisting of goat and calf blood, instead using his own blood as the price to set us free once and for all. [The Message]

 

Nisan 14 - Passover, Day of Preparation [4th Day of week]

The day of Passover is also called the “Day of Preparation”.  This is the day in which people would prepare for the First Day of Unleavened Bread which was a High Sabbath or Holy Day.

 

In order to “rest” on the High Sabbath, one would have to complete all their work.  Since the Jews ordered the crucifixion of Jesus, they needed to rush and complete all their work before sunset. Jesus had to be in the grave and all work complete by sunset which was about 6PM.

 

This is where people get confused, because this is not a 7th day Sabbath, but rather a High Sabbath that actually occurred on the 5th day of the week!

John 19:31Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. 32The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

Mark 15:42
It was Preparation Day (that is, the day before the Sabbath). So as evening approached, 43Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent member of the Council, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, went boldly to Pilate and asked for Jesus' body. 44Pilate was surprised to hear that he was already dead. Summoning the centurion, he asked him if Jesus had already died. 45When he learned from the centurion that it was so, he gave the body to Joseph.

Luke 23:53Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid.
54It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. 55The women who had come with Jesus from Galilee followed Joseph and saw the tomb and how his body was laid in it. 56Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath in obedience to the commandment.

 

Blood Covering

After the sacrifice of the Passover Lamb, the lamb’s blood was to cover the house.  This is symbolic of Christ’s blood covering our sins and allowing us to be at one with God!

Exodus 12:6 Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. 7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.

Hebrews 9:22In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

 

Passover Lamb Must Be Eaten

The Passover lamb must be eaten!

Exodus 12:8 That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.

John 6:53Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. 55For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. 56Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. 57Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. 58This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever."

 

No Broken Bones

When the Passover Lamb was to be prepared, it was not to have any broken bones.

Exodus 12:46 "It must be eaten inside one house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones. 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.

John 19:31Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
32The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.

 

Pierced

Another prophecy is fulfilled when Christ is pierced by the soldiers spear.  The mix of blood and water symbolizes the blood sacrifice covering and the Holy Spirit.

Zechariah 12:10 "And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit [a] of grace and supplication. They will look on [b] me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.

John 19:33But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. 35The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken,"[b] 37and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."[c]

 

Nisan 15 - 1st Day of Unleavened Bread [5th Day of week]

The bible is quiet about the 1st day of Unleavened Bread during the week Jesus was crucified.  It is a High Holy Day and High Sabbath, so no work was to occur.

 

However, at the end of this day, near sunset, Jesus is in the grave one day.

 

Nisan 16 - 2nd Day of Unleavened Bread [6th Day of week]

At the end of this day, near sunset, Jesus is in the grave two days.

 

Nisan 17 - 3rd Day of Unleavened Bread [7th Day of week]

If one counts 3 days from the end of the Passover, Nisan 14, when Jesus was buried and in the grave, then you will end up on the end of Nisan 17 or the end of the 7th day Sabbath.

 

Just before sunset on Nisan 17 and about to change to Nisan 18, the 1st day of the week is when Jesus is resurrected from the grave.

 

Notice this comment from the NIV translation:

((The most reliable early manuscripts and other ancient witnesses do not have Mark 16:9-20.))

Mark 16: 9When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons.

Here are the prophecies of the 3 day and night burial:

Jonah 1:17 But the LORD provided a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was inside the fish three days and three nights.

Matthew 12:38Then some of the Pharisees and teachers of the law said to him, "Teacher, we want to see a miraculous sign from you." 39He answered, "A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a miraculous sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

John 2:18Then the Jews demanded of him, "What miraculous sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?" 19Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days." 20The Jews replied, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?" 21But the temple he had spoken of was his body. 22After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.

It is also important to know that the body of Jesus did not decay.

Psalm 16:10 because you will not abandon me to the grave, [c] nor will you let your Holy One [d] see decay.

Acts 13:36"For when David had served God's purpose in his own generation, he fell asleep; he was buried with his fathers and his body decayed. 37But the one whom God raised from the dead did not see decay.

 

Nisan 18 - 4th Day of Unleavened Bread [1st Day of week]

On this day, early in the morning, the disciples were shocked to learn that Jesus’ body was gone.  Once it is explained to them, they make the connection that Christ was only to be buried for three days and was resurrected.  Jesus was our Firstborn or Firstfruit, the first of many to be resurrected!

Luke 24:1 Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them,[a] came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. 2 But they found the stone rolled away from the tomb. 3 Then they went in and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 And it happened, as they were greatly[b] perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in shining garments. 5 Then, as they were afraid and bowed their faces to the earth, they said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen! Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee, 7 saying, ‘The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.’”
8 And they remembered His words.

John 2:22After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.

But as the Firstfruit, Jesus had to do something special.  He had to be presented as an acceptable offering before God, the Father, on this feast day!  Nothing else could take place until this presentation was complete.

Leviticus 23:11 He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. 12 On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old without defect, 13 together with its grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah [a] of fine flour mixed with oil—an offering made to the LORD by fire, a pleasing aroma—and its drink offering of a quarter of a hin [b] of wine. 14 You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your God.

John 20:16Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means Teacher). 17Jesus said, "Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, 'I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.' "

Further more, on that same day of Firstfruits, Christ returned and did something amazing.   By breathing on them, He shared the Holy Spirit with the disciples; another part of the early spiritual first fruit was beginning! (Note: This happened before Pentecost!)

John 20:19On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you!" 20After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord. 21Again Jesus said, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you." 22And with that he breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. 23If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven."

 

Week Overview

You can now see the week of Christ’s death when compared to the Gregorian calendar! (Note: Hebrew to Gregorian calendar reconciliation is achieved through a calendar conversion.

 

 

Year

Month

Week Day

 

 

4th

5th

6th

7th

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

3790

Nisan

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

 

 

Passover

1st day ULB

2nd day ULB

3rd day ULB

4tht day ULB

5th day ULB

6th day ULB

7th day ULB

 

 

 

High Sabbath

 

Weekly Sabbath

Firstfruits

 

 

High Sabbath

 

 

·6 PM Last Supper

·9 PM Christ betrayed

·9AM Christ crucified

·3PM Dies

·6PM Buried before sunset

·6 PM Christ in the grave 1st day

·6 PM Christ in the grave 2nd day

·Christ in the grave 3rd day

·6 PM Resurrected before sunset

·5 AM Mary notices grave is empty at sunrise.

·Christ goes to the Father as wave sheaf offering.

 

 

 

30 AD

April

2-3

3-4

4-5

5-6

6-7

7-8

8-9

9-10

 

 

Tue PM -

Wed  PM

Wed PM -

Thu  PM

Thu PM –

Fri  PM

Fri PM –

Sat  PM

Sat PM –

Sun  PM

Sun PM –Mon  PM

Mon PM -

Tue  PM

Tue PM -

Wed  PM

 

 

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