My Page Passover 

and Introduction to

God's Holy Day Plan




Technically, the day of Passover (Nisan 14) is not part of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15-21).  The directions in Exodus 12 are very clear and the days are identified without question. However, you will see that the names of these days are used interchangeably.  Also, Passover is not a High Sabbath or Holy Day.  It was known as the “Day of Preparation” to prepare for the 1st holy day during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.


The day of Passover requires the sacrifice of an unblemished, perfect lamb.  The blood of the lamb is painted over the door frame.  Likewise through the sacrifice of Christ our Holy and Perfect Lamb, His blood covers our sins.

Exodus 12:7 Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.


Christ in Passover

The symbolism of Christ in the Passover is replete with examples.  The number of parallels is far too many for this bible study and could fill several books.  However, we will examine just a few and then look at the life of Christ in His final and amazing week during the Feast here on this earth.  When we review this period of time, you will see the amazing parallels with Christ and the Passover Lamb.


This is not a coincidence the Christ was to be our sacrifice, but carefully planned by God before the creation and from the very foundations of the beginning of earth!

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, 5 having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, [NKJV]

1 Peter 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you [NKJV]

1 Peter 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. 20He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. [NIV]

Luke 2:41Every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover. 42When he was twelve years old, they went up to the Feast, according to the custom. 43After the Feast was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it. 44Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends. 45When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. 46After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, "Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you."  49"Why were you searching for me?" he asked. "Didn't you know I had to be in my Father's house?" 50But they did not understand what he was saying to them.


God's Festivals - An Introduction


The Festivals of God.  The original Hebrew word was “mowed which means “Appointed Time”.

You have heard of Christ, the Pascal Lamb, or the Passover Lamb.  Christ’s death and sacrifice occurred on the precise day of Passover.  There is no coincidence that the Exodus Passover and the sacrifice of Christ happened at the same time.


Introduction to the Feasts

God’s command to ancient Israel is to celebrate a series of appointed times or feasts:

Exodus 23:14 "Three times a year you are to celebrate a festival to me.

Leviticus 23:4
" 'These are the LORD's appointed feasts, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times:

The feasts occur during three periods during the year which are associated with three yearly harvests: spring, summer and fall.  Here is a list of all the feasts and some of their Christian meaning:


Festival Season



Sacred Assembly







Yes 7th day of each week.

Leviticus 23:3 “‘There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the LORD.

God rested from His work; this is our commanded day to rest.

1 – Spring

Passover (Pesach)

Nisan 14


Leviticus 23:5 The LORD's Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.

Passover symbolize redemption. Messiah the Passover Lamb would be sacrificed for us.

1 – Spring

Unleavened Bread

Nisan 15-21

Yes 1st and 7th days.


Leviticus 23:6 On the fifteenth day of that month the LORD's Feast of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. 7 On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. 8 For seven days present an offering made to the LORD by fire. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.' "

Unleavened Bread symbolizes sanctification.  Messiah’s body would not decay in the grave.

1 – Spring


Nisan 16


Leviticus 23:11 He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.

Firstfruits symbolize resurrection.  Messiah would rise triumphantly from the grave on the third day.

2 - Summer

Pentecost (Shavuot)

Sivan 6 (Varies)


Leviticus 23:15 " 'From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. 16 Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD.

Weeks/ Shavuot symbolize origination. Messiah would send the Holy Spirit to inaugurate the New Covenant and Church Age.

3 - Fall

Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)

Tishri 1


Leviticus 23:24 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. 25 Do no regular work, but present an offering made to the LORD by fire.' " 

Trumpets/ Rosh Hashanah points to the future day when the Messiah returns to rescue the righteous (Rapture) and judge the wicked.

3 - Fall

Atonement (Yom Kippur)

Tishri 10


Leviticus 23:27 "The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, [d] and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. 28 Do no work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the LORD your God. 

Yom Kippur/ Day of Atonement points to the future day when Israel repents of her sins and turns to the Messiah for salvation.

3 - Fall

Tabernacles (Sukkoth)

Tishri 15-21

Yes 1st Day


Leviticus 23:33 The LORD said to Moses, 34 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the LORD's Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35 The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. 36 For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work. 

Tabernacles/Sukkot points to the future day when the Messiah sets up the messianic Kingdom and tabernacles among men.

3 - Fall

Last Great Day

Tishri 22


Leviticus 23:33 The LORD said to Moses, 34 "Say to the Israelites: 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the LORD's Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35 The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. 36 For seven days present offerings made to the LORD by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is the closing assembly; do no regular work. 

The Last Great Day points to the future day when the Messiah shares the Holy Spirit with the rest of mankind.



The Feast in Jesus' Day

John 7:1After this, Jesus went around in Galilee, purposely staying away from Judea because the Jews there were waiting to take his life. 2But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near, 3Jesus' brothers said to him, "You ought to leave here and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the miracles you do. 4No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world." 5For even his own brothers did not believe in him.

John 7:37
On the last and greatest day of the Feast [Tabernacles], Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38Whoever believes in me, as[c] the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." 39By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.

John 11:54Therefore Jesus no longer moved about publicly among the Jews. Instead he withdrew to a region near the desert, to a village called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
55When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, many went up from the country to Jerusalem for their ceremonial cleansing before the Passover. 56They kept looking for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple area they asked one another, "What do you think? Isn't he coming to the Feast at all?" 57But the chief priests and Pharisees had given orders that if anyone found out where Jesus was, he should report it so that they might arrest him.

John 13:1It was just before the Passover Feast. Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love.[a]

The Feast for the Early Church

Acts 2:1When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues[a] as the Spirit enabled them.

Acts 20:16Paul had decided to sail past Ephesus to avoid spending time in the province of Asia, for he was in a hurry to reach Jerusalem, if possible, by the day of Pentecost.

Acts 27:9Much time had been lost, and sailing had already become dangerous because by now it was after the Fast [Day of Atonement]. So Paul warned them,
10"Men, I can see that our voyage is going to be disastrous and bring great loss to ship and cargo, and to our own lives also."

1 Corinthians 5:7Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
8Therefore let us keep the Festival [Unleavened Bread], not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and wickedness, but with bread without yeast, the bread of sincerity and truth.

1 Corinthians 16:8But I will stay on at Ephesus until Pentecost,
9because a great door for effective work has opened to me, and there are many who oppose me.

The Feast in Church History

Since Jesus kept the feast and the early church kept the feast, and Jesus commanded us to obey everything He commanded, why don’t Christians keep the Feasts of God today?

Matthew 4:4Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.'[a]"

Matthew 28:20and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."

Luke 6:46"Why do you call me, 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do what I say?

Hebrews 5:9and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him

1 John 2:3We know that we have come to know him if we obey his commands.


 A Summary of Feast History

First Century Church

In the first century there were literally hundreds of thousands of believing Jews (Acts 2:41, 47, 4:4, 6:7, 9:31, 21:20). Scripture tells us the apostles and the early church continued to celebrate the holidays with the new realization of the symbolism of Christ.

Very few Gentiles converted before Peter and Paul were sent out. When God miraculously showed the believing Jews that Jesus was the Messiah for both Jew and Gentile alike, then Gentiles from every nation began to pour into this Jewish faith. The followers of Christ, whether Jewish or Gentile, were seen as one family. Both considered themselves part of Israel. The Gentiles saw themselves as grafted into Israel (Romans 11), not replacing Israel. The word Christian was not used until 2 in Antioch (Acts 11:26). Later it was adopted to set apart Jews believing in Jesus and unbelieving Jews. Ultimately it became an identity for the entire Church.

Paul makes it clear that Gentiles who trust in Jesus become children of God, are equal partners with believing Jews in the Body of the Messiah, and are declared righteous by God without their having to adopt any further Jewish distinctives (Rom. 3:22-23, 29-30; 4:9-12; 10:12; 11:32; 1 Cor. 12:13; Eph. 2:11-22; 3:6; Col. 3:11) (Stern, 1992).

Second Century Church

By the second century the Gentiles had taken control of the church, and there started the process of removing Jewish influences referred to as de-Judaizing. There was a growing spirit of resentment of the non-believing Jews and all Jewish customs. The first seeds of anti-Semitism were sown. As the church grew, it became increasingly Hellenized (Greek) and Latinized (Roman). The Gentile-dominated Church celebrated the Lord's resurrection, but to distance Christianity from Judaism they changed the resurrection date from the Jewish calendar from the third day of Passover, to Sunday this is how Easter became separated from Passover.

Fourth Century

By the time of the Council of Nicea (325 a.d.), Constantine, Emperor of Rome, claimed conversion to Christianity and considered himself the leader in the Christian church. Things changed drastically for the Gentile believers. Gentile believers were no longer persecuted. It became an economic advantage to be a Christian. Constantine also supported paganism with Christianity. In 314 he placed the symbol of the cross on his coins with the marks of Sol Invictus and Mars Conservator. Constantine retained the title of chief priest of the state cult until he died.

Under Constantine things got better for the believing gentiles; however, now the Christians persecuted the Jews. The Jews who accepted Jesus as the Messiah were forced to give up all ties with Judaism, Jewish practices, Jewish friends and anything Jewish. Constantine issued laws forbidding Jewish believers to keep Saturday as Sabbath, circumcise their children, celebrate Passover, etc. The punishments included imprisonment and even death. Constantine replaced the Biblical Holidays with alternative forms of celebrations adopted from other religions.

The Jewish New Testament Commentary reports that the Jewish believers were told to ignore the way commanded by Moses or they could not be saved! "You Messianic Jews should not separate yourselves from us Gentile Christians by having Messianic synagogues! Don't you know that in Christ there is neither Jew nor Greek? So be like us, give up your Jewish distinctives, stop observing the Torah and the Jewish holidays, put all that behind you; and worship with us in our Gentile-oriented congregations, living our Gentile lifestyle. The misuse is in concluding that because there is no distinction in God's sight between the forensic righteousness of believing Gentiles and of believing Jews, therefore Jews are prohibited from observing God-given commandments. Such a conclusion defies both logic and the practice of the early believers.

The anti-Semitic attitude toward the Jews flourished. During the Middle Ages, bands of Crusaders destroyed many Jewish communities. The raiders demanded the Jews convert but the majority preferred to die for their faith. In the late thirteenth century half of the world's Jewish population were living in Western Europe, over five hundred thousand. By 1500 there were no more than 150,000 Jews in this region due to riots, plagues and expulsions.



A Day 

The modern world starts each new day in the middle of the dark of night known as “midnight”.  At this time, our clocks indicate 12:00 AM or 00:00 on a 24 hour clock.

However, God’s design for the start of a new day starts at sunset!

Genesis 1:5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.

God repeats this cycle for a total of seven days.  If you notice the consistency, you will see: And there was evening, and there was morning—the “_____” day. Fill in the blank with the day of the week.

In each case, the beginning of darkness preceded the end of daylight to complete one day.  So a day in the bible is reckoned from sunset to sunset!

This same type of reckoning is used by Jewish [Hebrew] households.  They hold true to this method of time keeping since God gave it to Moses.



Man Names the Day

In the bible, each day is only known by is numerical sequence also as indicated by the first chapter of Genesis. 

Today, the names for days of the week originate from Greek, Roman or Germanic gods.

The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai "days of the Gods".


The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.)

The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.


Old English

Middle English


Ancient Greek


sunnandæg "day of the sun"

sone(n)day or sun(nen)day

dies solis "day of the sun"

hemera heli(o)u, "day of the sun"


mon(an)dæg "day of the moon"

monday or mone(n)day

dies lunae "day of the moon"

hemera selenes "day of the moon"


tiwesdæg "Tiw's (Tiu's) day"

tiwesday or tewesday

dies Martis "day of Mars"

hemera Areos "day of Ares"


wodnesdæg "Woden's day"

wodnesday, wednesday, or wednesdai

dies Mercurii "day of Mercury"

hemera Hermu "day of Hermes"




dies Jovis "day of Jupiter"

hemera Dios "day of Zeus".


frigedæg "Freya's day"composed of Frige (genetive singular of Freo) + dæg "day" (most likely)


dies Veneris "Venus's day"

hemera Aphrodites "day of Aphrodite"

Seventh (Rest)

sæter(nes)dæg "Saturn's day"


dies Saturni "day of Saturn"

hemera Khronu "day of Cronus"



The Parts of a Day

To understand the reckoning of the “time of day” we need to consider how it was viewed back then.  The time of day, known as an hour, is similar to our word, but the start with the “first hour of daylight” which is at 7AM.

Bible - Hour




7 AM



8 AM



9 AM

Mark 15:24And they crucified him. Dividing up his clothes, they cast lots to see what each would get. 25It was the third hour when they crucified him


10 AM






12 PM

Mark 15:32Let this Christ,[b] this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Those crucified with him also heaped insults on him. 33At the sixth hour darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.

 John 4:6Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about the sixth hour.

 John 19:14It was the day of Preparation of Passover Week, about the sixth hour. "Here is your king," Pilate said to the Jews.

 Acts 10:9On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour: [KJV] 


1 PM

John 4:50Jesus replied, "You may go. Your son will live." The man took Jesus at his word and departed. 51While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living. 52When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, "The fever left him yesterday at the seventh hour." 


2 PM



3 PM

Mark 15:34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"—which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

 Acts 3:1Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour. [KJV]

 Acts 10:2A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. 3He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius. [KJV] 


4 PM

John 1:38Turning around, Jesus saw them following and asked, "What do you want?" They said, "Rabbi" (which means Teacher), "where are you staying?" 39"Come," he replied, "and you will see." So they went and saw where he was staying, and spent that day with him. It was about the tenth hour.  


5 PM

Matthew 20:9"The workers who were hired about the eleventh hour came and each received a denarius. 10So when those came who were hired first, they expected to receive more. But each one of them also received a denarius. 11When they received it, they began to grumble against the landowner. 


6 PM


First of night

7 PM


Second of night

8 PM


Third of night

9 PM

Acts 23:23And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night; [KJV]




A "Watch"

Another designation of time was called a “watch” and it consisted of 3 hours.


Old Testament - Watch

New Testament - Watch         





6PM – 9PM




9PM - midnight

Lamentations 2:19 Arise, cry out in the night, as the watches of the night begin; pour out your heart like water in the presence of the Lord. Lift up your hands to him for the lives of your children, who faint from hunger at the head of every street.



Midnight – 3AM

Luke 12:38It will be good for those servants whose master finds them ready, even if he comes in the second or third watch of the night. 39But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into. 40You also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him."

Last or Morning


3AM- 6AM

Exodus 14:24 During the last watch of the night the LORD looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion. 

Matthew 14:25During the fourth watch of the night Jesus went out to them, walking on the lake. 26When the disciples saw him walking on the lake, they were terrified. "It's a ghost," they said, and cried out in fear.


The Hebrew Calendar

The calendar of the bible is the Hebrew Calendar. It is based upon the lunar cycle.  Here is an excerpt from Wikipedia on the subject

The Hebrew calendar or Jewish calendar is the annual calendar used in Judaism. It determines the dates of the Jewish holidays, the appropriate Torah portions for public reading, Yahrzeits (the date to commemorate the death of a relative), and the specific daily Psalms which some customarily read. Two major forms of the calendar have been used: an observational form used prior to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, and based on witnesses observing the phase of the moon, and a rule-based form first fully described by Maimonides in 1178 CE, which was adopted over a transition period between 70 and 1178.

The "modern" form is a rule-based lunisolar calendar, akin to the Chinese calendar, measuring months defined in lunar cycles as well as years measured in solar cycles, and distinct from the purely lunar Islamic calendar and the almost entirely solar Gregorian calendar. Because of the roughly 11 day difference between twelve lunar months and one solar year, the calendar repeats in a Metonic 19-year cycle of 235 lunar months, with an extra lunar month added once every two or three years, for a total of seven times every nineteen years. As the Hebrew calendar was developed in the region east of the Mediterranean Sea, references to seasons reflect the times and climate of the Northern Hemisphere.






Aproximate Month



Barley harvest begins in sub-tropical plain of Jericho and in the Jordan Valley;  wheat coming into ear.  Uplands brilliant with short-lived verdure and flowers.

Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits



March - April



Principal harvest month in lower districts. “Barley harvest” general.  Wheat and apricots ripen.  In Jordan valley, hot winds burn up vegetation.



April - May



Wheat harvest begins in upland districts.  Almonds ripe. Grapes begin to ripen.  Honey in Jordan valley collected in May-June.




May - June



Wheat harvest in highest districts.  Various fruits ripe.  Elsewhere the country is parched, dry, and hard, with withered stalks and burnt grass.



June - July



Main fruit month. Grapes, figs, walnuts, and olives, etc. (Lev 26:5).



July - August



Harvest of doura and maize.  Cotton and pomegranate ripen.



August -September



Plowing and sowing begin (Prov 20:4; Eccl 11:4) Cotton harvest. Ever-flowing streams

Trumpets, Atonement, Tabernacles


September - October



Wheat and barley planted. Rice harvest. Fig tree full of fuit.  Orange and citron blossom.  Almost all vegetation has gone.


29 or 30

October - November



The plains and desserts gradually become green pastures.


30 or 29

November - December



Mild winters support the growth of such crops as dates, bananas, and citrus fruits.



December - January



In warmer and sheltered localities almond and peach trees blossom.  Oranges ripen.



January - February


Adar I




February - March


Adar / Adar II







The Moon Phases


Each of the Hebrew months starts with a “new moon”.  Review the following table and graphic help to illustrate this important relationship.  Remember that this represents the view from the northern hemisphere.



Moon Phase


Lunar Day


Not visible



Not visible, or traditionally: first visible crescent of the Moon


Waxing Crescent

Right 1-49% visible


First Quarter

Right 50% visible


Waxing gibbous

Right 51-99% visible



Fully visible


Waning gibbous

Left 51-99% visible


Third Quarter

Left 50% visible


Waning Crescent

Left 1-49% visible



Not visible



So, by viewing a full moon, you will know it is the middle of the month! This is the calendar that God designed.


The Feasts

Now that we more clearly understand the time reference of the bible, we can more clearly understand the time element of God’s Feasts.  Here is another look at the Feasts with some word comparison and pronunciation.  It is also important to note which days are sacred assemblies.


Festival Season



Sacred Assembly

Bible Pronunciation





Yes 7th day of each week.



1 - Spring


Nisan 14




1 - Spring

Unleavened Bread

Nisan 15-21

Yes 1st and 7th days.



Hag HaMatzah

1 - Spring


Nisan 16 (Varies)


yowm bikkuwr

Yom HaBikkurim

2 - Summer


Sivan 6 (Varies)




3 - Fall


Tishri 1


yowm teruwah

Rosh Hashanah

3 - Fall


Tishri 10


yowm kippur

Yom Kippur

3 - Fall


Tishri 15-21

Yes 1st Day




3 - Fall

Last Great Day

Tishri 22



Shemini Atzeret

 GO TO Feast of Unleavened Bread