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Bible Weights and Measurements
All values are approximate. Measurements vary by era and location.
 
Length Measures
Finger 0.73 inches 1.85 centimeters Jeremiah 52.21 Explanation
Handbreadth (4 fing.) 2.92 inches 7.4 centimeters Exodus 25:25
Psalm 39:5
Explanation
Span 9 inches 22.86 centimeters Exodus 28:16 Explanation
Cubit 18 inches 45.72 centimeters Matthew 6:27 Explanation
Long Cubit 20.4 inches 51.9 centimeters Ezekiel 40:5 Explanation
Fathom 6 feet 1.829 meters Acts 27:28 Explanation
Reed (6 cubits) 8.75 feet 2.73 meters Ezekiel 40:5 Explanation
Furlong 1/8 mi., 660 feet 201.2 meters Revelation 14:20 Explanation
Stadion 697 feet 185.4 meters Luke 24:13 Explanation
Sabbath day’s journey 3/5 mile 0.9656 kilometers Acts 1:12 Explanation
Day’s journey 20 miles 32.19 kilometers 1 Kings 19:4 Explanation

 

Weight Measures
Gerah 1/50 ounce 0.567 grams Ezekiel 45:12 Explanation
Bekah (10 gerahs) 1/5 ounce 5.67 grams Genesis 24:22 Explanation
Pim (2/3 shekel) 1/3 ounce 9.45 grams 1 Samuel 13.21 Explanation
Shekel (2 bekahs) 2/5 ounce 11.34 grams Exodus 30:23 Explanation
Mina (50 shekels) 1.25 pounds 0.567 kg. Ezra 2:69 Explanation
Talent (60 minas) 75 pounds 34.02 kg. Ezra 8:26 Explanation

 

Liquid Measures
Log 0.65 pints 0.31 liters Leviticus 14:10 Explanation
Kab (4 logs) 2.6 pints 1.2 liters 2 Kings 6:25 Explanation
Hin (12 logs) 0.98 gallon 3.7 liters Numbers 15:4 Explanation
Bath (6 hins) 5.9 gallons 22 liters Isaiah 5:10 Explanation
Homer (10 baths) 59 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:11 Explanation
Kor (10 baths) 59 gallons 220 liters Ezekiel 45:11 Explanation
Metretes 10 gallons 37.85 liters John 2:6 Explanation

 

Dry Measures
Kab (1/18 ephah) 2.6 pints 1.2 liters 2 Kings 6:25 Explanation
Omer (1/10 ephah) 2.3 quarts 2.2 liters Exodus 16:36 Explanation
Seah (1/3 ephah) 7.7 quarts 7.3 liters 2 Kings 7:1 Explanation
Ephah (10 omers) 0.63 bushels (5.9 gal.) 22 liters Ruth 2:17 Explanation
Lethech (5 ephaths) 3.16 bushels (29 gal.) 110 liters Hosea 3:2 Explanation
Homer (10 ephaths) 6.33 bushels (59 gal.) 220 liters Leviticus 27:16 Explanation
Kor (10 ephaths) 6.33 bushels (59 gal.) 220 liters Ezekiel 45:14 Explanation

 

Money Value
Denarius Day’s wage   Matthew 20:2 ~ Current Value
Drachma Est. 0.035 oz. silver Est. 1 gram silver Luke 15:8 ~ Current Value
Didrachma (2 Drach.) Est. 0.07 oz. silver Est. 2 grams silver Matthew 17:24 ~ Current Value
Talent, silver Approx. 100 lb Approx. 45.4 kg Ezra 8:26 ~ Current Value
Talent, silver (Alternate) Approx. 50 lb Approx. 22.7 kg Ezra 8:26 ~ Current Value
Talent, gold Approx. 120 lb Approx. 54.4 kg 1 Kings 9:28 ~ Current Value
Talent, gold (Alternate) Approx. 60 lb Approx. 27.2 kg 1 Kings 9:28 ~ Current Value

 

Time Determination
Sunrise 6 AM 06:00 Mark 16:2 Explanation
First hour 7 AM 07:00   Explanation
Second hour 8 AM 08:00   Explanation
Third hour 9 AM 09:00 Matthew 20:3 Explanation
Fourth hour 10 AM 10:00   Explanation
Fifth hour 11 AM 11:00   Explanation
Sixth hour Noon 12:00 Matthew 27:45 Explanation
Seventh hour 1 PM 13:00 John 4:52 Explanation
Eighth hour 2 PM 14:00   Explanation
Ninth hour 3 PM 15:00 Acts 3:1 Explanation
Tenth hour 4 PM 16:00 John 1:39 Explanation
Eleventh hour 5 PM 17:00 Matthew 20:6-9 Explanation
Sunset 6 PM 18:00 Luke 4:40 Explanation
First watch of night 6 PM - 9 PM 18:00 - 21:00   Explanation
Second watch 9 PM - midnight 21:00 - 00:00 Luke 12:38 Explanation
Third watch Midnight - 3 AM 00:00 - 03:00 Luke 12:38 Explanation
Fourth watch 3 AM - 6 AM 03:00 - 06:00 Matthew 14:25 Explanation